Managing Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting
The Prevalence of PONV
Risk Factors for PONV1
Patients at Moderate-to-High Risk of PONV Exhibit the Following Traits:
- Patients with a history of PONV or motion sickness
- Patients who are treated with opioids
PONV is a Significant Burden to Patients and Facilities
References: 1. Gan TJ, Belani KG, Bergese S, et al. Fourth consensus guidelines for the management of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Anesth Analg. 2020;131(2):411-448. doi:10.1213/ ane.0000000000004833.
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Important Safety Information
APONVIE is contraindicated in patients with a history of hypersensitivity to aprepitant or any component of the product, and in patients taking pimozide. Increased pimozide levels may cause serious or life-threatening reactions, such as QT prolongation.
Warnings and Precautions
Hypersensitivity Reactions: Serious hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis, during or soon after administration of aprepitant have occurred. Symptoms including dyspnea, eye swelling, flushing, pruritus, and wheezing have been reported. Monitor patients during and after administration. If hypersensitivity reactions occur, administer appropriate medical therapy. Do not administer APONVIE in patients who experienced these symptoms with previous use of aprepitant.
Clinically Significant CYP3A4 Drug Interactions: Aprepitant is a substrate, weak-to-moderate (dose-dependent) inhibitor, and an inducer of CYP3A4. Use of pimozide, a CYP3A4 substrate, with APONVIE is contraindicated. Use of APONVIE with strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (eg, ketoconazole) may increase plasma concentrations of aprepitant and result in an increased risk of adverse reactions related to APONVIE. Use of APONVIE with strong CYP3A4 inducers (eg, rifampin) may result in a reduction in aprepitant plasma concentrations and decreased efficacy of APONVIE.
Decrease in INR with Concomitant Warfarin: Use of aprepitant with warfarin, a CYP2C9 substrate, may result in a clinically significant decrease in the International Normalized Ratio (INR) of prothrombin time. Monitor the INR in patients on chronic warfarin therapy in the 2-week period particularly at 7 to
Risk of Reduced Efficacy of Hormonal Contraceptives: The efficacy of hormonal contraceptives may be reduced for
Use in Specific Populations
Avoid use of APONVIE in pregnant women as alcohol is an inactive ingredient in APONVIE. There is no safe level of alcohol exposure in pregnancy.
Most common adverse reactions (incidence ≥3%) for APONVIE are constipation, fatigue, and headache and for oral aprepitant are constipation and hypotension.
Report side effects to Heron at
APONVIE is a substance P/neurokinin-1 (NK1) receptor antagonist, indicated for the prevention of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in adults.
Limitations of Use: APONVIE has not been studied for treatment of established nausea and vomiting.
Please see full Prescribing Information.
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